As previously reported on this blog, the U.S. Supreme Court's ruling in Kawasaki Kisen Kaisha Ltd. v. Regal-Beloit Corp. involved a rail carrier. However, the case also affects motor carriers since motor carriers are also subject to the Carmack Amendment. Unfortunately, the case is not clear as to its affect on motor carriers. As noted, the issue in the case was whether the Carmack Amendment or the Carriage of Goods by Sea Act ("COGSA") applies to cargo claims arising during the inland leg of an import ocean move. The court ruled that COGSA applies. This is generally thought to be favorable to motor carriers defending cargo loss and damage claims because COGSA includes a $500 per package limitation of liability and it is possible that the entire intermodal container will be considered a package for purposes of the limitation. However, the decision raises questions with respect to whether Carmack applies to export moves that will move by steamship under a through bill of lading, or to import moves from Canada and Mexico.